Search The Excerpts

Search Instructions

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1.     Search queries are not case-sensitive.

2.     For broadest results, use partial words or word stems followed and/or preceded immediately by an asterisk.  E.g., *sist* finds sister, consistent, subsist, etc.  Abort* finds abort, aborts, aborted, and abortion.  

3.     To limit search results to exact word(s) or phrase(s), enclose within quotation marks.

4.     Multiple word searches function as a hybrid "and" and "or".  If these words are included in a query, they will be searched as any other word.

5.     To require a word (or stem) to be in search results, insert a + symbol immediately before it.  To exclude a word or stem from search results, insert a - symbol immediately before it.  

6.     To search a Torah verse by number, separate the chapter and verse with a colon and enclose within quotation marks, e.g. "Leviticus 19:18" or "19:18".  Alternatively, use the “Torah Book & Portion” pull-down menu to locate within Torah portion.  

7.     To locate/highlight searched words within a result, use your browser's "find" function.

8.   For words (including titles of Talmud tractates) transliterated from Hebrew and/or Aramaic, include alternative English spellings.  For suggestions and related techniques, see "Additional Search Notes," below. 


1.  When searching for a specific word of Torah in English, keep in mind that every English word was chosen by an author/translator from among alternatives, including various transliteration options. The word for which you are searching may not be the word used by any or all excerpt authors. Best search results will be obtained by searching various transliteration synonyms. Checking various translations at websites such as for alternative English translations may be helpful.

2.  Similarly, for other Hebrew (or Aramaic) words and phrases, including titles of Talmud tractates, authors will have chosen from among transliterated/phonetic alternatives and/or used common abbreviations. Examples:


-- “Vayikra” or "Va-yikra" for Leviticus; “Shemot” or “Shemos” for Exodus; "Devarim" or "D'varim" for Deuteronomy; "Mishlei" "Mishle" or "Mishley" for Proverbs; “Tehillim” or "T'hillim" for Psalms.


-- Aruch/Arukh; Avos/Avot/Avoth; Abraham/Avraham; Baba/Bava; Basra/Batra; Chinuch/Chinnuch/Khinnuch; Brochos/Berachos/Berachot; Halakah/Halacha/Halachah; Hilchos/Hilchot; Isaac/Yitzhak; Israel/Yaakov; Jacob/Yisrael/Yaakov/Ya'akov; Kidushin/Kiddushin; Korah/Korach; Mesilat/Mesillat/Mesilas; Mishpat/Mishpot; Moshe/Moses; Loshon Hora/Loshon Hara/Lashon Hara; Pirkei/Perkei; Rebecca/Rivka; Shema/Sh'ma; Shumel/Solomon; Sukkos/Sukkot; Tshuvah/Teshuvah; Yershorim/Yesharim; Yevomos/Yevemot. Authors also sometimes place an apostrophe where others would use a vowel. E.g., k'dushah rather than kidushah or kedushah; tz'dakah rather than tsedakah or tzedakah. The last letters "t" and "s" are often interchangeable, reflecting the variant pronunciation of the letter ת.  (This is not a comprehensive list). 


-- "B." for Babylonian Talmud; "Isa." for Isaiah; "M." for Mishnah; "M.T." for Mishneh Torah; "Ps." or "Pss." for Psalms; "Meg." for Megillah, "J." or "Jer." for Jerusalem; "S.A." for Shulchan Arukh (and variant transliterated spellings thereof); and "Yer." for Yerushalmi (meaning "of Jerusalem" -- same as "J."); "T." for Tosefta.  "s.v." is a literary abbreviation for the latin, "sub verso," meaning "under the word." 


To improve search results, include the specific page reference (such as a Talmud page) or code section (such as in Shulchan Aruch or Mishneh Torah), in the search query and/or try searching the page or section reference without the title.  


3. The compiler transcribed most excerpts from the original source by dictating into voice recognition software. While all results were proof-read, mistakes inevitably remain. If a word or phrase appears incorrect, consider similar-sounding words which the dictation software may have substituted. In any case, please report all suspected transcription and other errors and questions to and to for checking and correction!


4. In most cases, the author’s discussion of a topic extends well beyond the excerpted text. Accordingly, especially if the issue addressed in the excerpt is clearly amenable to exceptions and refinement, it is suggested that the source be purchased or borrowed from a library for access to its likely fuller discussion. Many sources are available inexpensively from a book reseller's website, including Amazon, Abebooks, or Bookfinder.  Many of the source books, or extensive portions thereof, are also accessible at

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